A ganglion is a cystic tumour filled with fluid or a gelatinous substance. It most often occurs in the wrist, foot or knee joint. It arises in the area of tendons and joint capsules and is often a consequence of trauma or overloading in the wrist area, e.g. through repetitive movements or sport. Despite the small visual invasion caused by the cyst, the occurrence of a ganglion should not be underestimated and it is recommended to take preventive measures such as contacting a specialist right away.
- pain when trying to move the wrist, foot, knee
- increased sensitivity to touch
- inflammatory reaction
- limited mobility of the hand, knee, foot.
Operation is the most effective way of getting rid of a ganglion. It involves removing the cyst along with the joint capsule or tendon sheath. The procedure is carried out under local anaesthetic, where the surgeon makes an incision and removes the cyst. The doctor then sews up the site and applies a sterile dressing. The incision is small and practically invisible after healing. The procedure of ganglion removal guarantees elimination of joint pain and allows for detailed diagnosis of possible pathological changes. It is also worth mentioning that the procedure is not painful and there is no need to be afraid of it.
Benefits of the treatment:
- reduction of pain
- aesthetic appearance
- detailed diagnosis of any pathological changes.
After the ganglion removal procedure, the doctor immobilises the joint for a few days. Sometimes it is necessary to use a splint for a short period of time to restrict the movement of the wrist or finger. Flexion and extension of the wrist is introduced as soon as possible, gradually increasing the range of movement. The return to full activity is possible usually after about 3 weeks after the treatment. After the surgery it is necessary to save the joints and not to overload the operated area.
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